When building websites, we often need to track user’s activity and state and for this purpose, we have to use session. CodeIgniter has session class for this purpose.
Initializing a Session
Sessions data are available globally through the site but to use those data we first need to initialize the session. We can do that by executing the following line in constructor.
After loading the session library, you can simply use the session object as shown below.
Add Session Data
In PHP, we simply use $_SESSION array to set any data in session as shown below.
$_SESSION[‘key’] = value;
Where ‘key’ is the key of array and value is assigned on right side of equal to sign.
The same thing can be done in CodeIgniter as shown below.
$this->session->set_userdata('some_name', 'some_value'); //example $this->session->set_userdata('employ_name', 'dilip');
set_userdata() function takes two arguments. The first argument, some_name, is the name of the session variable, under which, some_value will be stored.
set_userdata() function also supports another syntax in which you can pass array to store values as shown below.
$employ_data = array( 'username' => 'dilip', 'email' => '[email protected]', 'logged_in' => TRUE ); $this->session->set_userdata($employ_data);
Fetch Session Data
After setting data in session, we can also retrieve that data as shown below. Userdata() function will be used for this purpose. This function will return NULL if the data you are trying to access is not available.
$name = $this->session->userdata['name']; //example $emp_data=$this->session->userdata['employ_data']; echo $emp_data['username'];//prints dilip
Remove Session Data
In PHP, we can remove data stored in session using the unset() function as shown below.
Removing session data in CodeIgniter is very simple as shown below. The below version of unset_userdata() function will remove only one variable from session.
If you want to remove more values from session or to remove an entire array you can use the below version of unset_userdata() function.
If you want to remove all sessions ,you can use the below version of sess_destroy() function.